Kunqu Opera has a history of more than 600 years. In 2001, it was listed among the first UNESCO Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity. Kunqu is one form of the Chinese classical operas and its artistic achievements and cultural values have crossed the boundaries between nations and won recognition worldwide.
Shanghai, where Kunqu has been active for more than 500 years, has made significant contributions to its spread and preservation. In early Ming dynasty, Songjiang District in Shanghai started to nourish the sprout of Kunqu with its cultural foundation and aesthetic trends. Afterwards, outstanding dramatists and critics emerged in large numbers and led to the prosperity of this classical opera in Shanghai. Ever since Shanghai was opened as a port, the Kunqu troupes in Jiangsu and Zhejiang moved in and got their footing, adding vitality to the opera.
When Kunqu was on the decline at the end of the Qing dynasty and under the pressures from Beijing opera and Anhui opera, some industrialists and entrepreneurs sponsored and opened the institutes to teach Kunqu and provided opportunities for learners to perform on stage. These students all had the character “Chuan” (which means passing down) in their stage names. Meanwhile, there were many folk Kunqu communities, who also did much work to prevent the opera from extinction.
After 1949, professional opera schools including Kunqu classes were opened in Shanghai, where students were trained and professional troupes were founded. Shanghai therefore has boasted numbers of excellent Kunqu performers and masters.
Graded Objects: 210 Pieces(Set)
Availability: 08 Jun 2016--31 Dec 2017